Suggests that the team be able to respond to the entry site in about ten minutes and reach the patient approximately five minutes later.

Requires the team to be staged at the entry site during entry in order to be able to enter the space immediately and reach the patient within two-to-four minutes.

OSHA 1926.651 states that the rescue equipment must be readily available and attended. So no, the equipment and team are together.

  • Each rescuer must be provided with and trained in the use of necessary PPE and rescue equipment.
  • Each rescuer must be trained to perform assigned rescue duties & have authorized entrant training.
  • Annual hands-on rescue simulations from the actual spaces (or representative spaces) that may be encountered.
    • a simulation from each type of space to be encountered –
  • All rescuers must have 1st Aid & CPR training, with at least one member being currently EMS certified.(NFPA)
  • Rescuers must have a clear understanding of their job responsibilities and its risks.
  • Rescuers must obtain sufficient formal education to perform a possible technical rescue.
  • Rescuers must be able to repeat learned rescue skills during a critical incident.

OSHA provides no specific equipment requirements, but states that the employer ensures that the necessary equipment is available to perform a rescue from the space in question. This equipment must be listed on the entry permit.

If it is decided to use rescue team member it cannot negatively affect the rescue of a trapped worker. The attendant may not perform entry rescue unless relieved by another qualified attendant. The attendant may perform non-entry

OSHA wants to know:

  • Who provides the off-site services?
  • Where is the service based or located?
  • Is the agreement by contract, letter, or verbal?
  • How did employer determine adequacy of service?
  • Are the rescue personnel adequately trained?
  • How are they summoned?
  • Is the service on-site or on-call during entry?
  • What is their response time?
  • How does employer verify availability during entry?
  • Almost impossible for an offsite rescue team to respond to a rescue summons and reach a victim within OSHA’s suggested goal of 4 minutes
  • IDLH environments requires “Immediate action to rescue employee(s)”

If the employer utilizes in-house rescue, OSHA will:

  • Identify team members,
  • Verify their training,
  • Determine Current 1st Aid & CPR certification,
  • Compare rescue procedures to the written program,
  • Note work shifts of rescuers and compare them to the entry permit times.

If utilizing an outside rescue service, OSHA will:

  • Evaluate & verify that an outside rescue team is capable in terms of timely response, training & equipment.

The employer must develop and implement procedures for the following:

  • Summoning rescue & emergency service,
  • Rescuing entrants from confined spaces.
  • Providing emergency services for rescued employees,
  • Preventing unauthorized persons from performing rescue

NIOSH document of standard 1979

ANSI 117.1 of 1989

NFPA 1670, 1006

To host employers and contactor alike who have employees entering confined spaces.

OSHA 1910.146 states that anytime a human enters a “permit required confined space” that a rescue team is required. NFPA standards recommend a properly trained rescue team anytime someone is at high risk.

Any technical rescue can be done. Confined space, high angle, trench, swift water are the main ones provided.